The following is common sizes balance sheet and income statement for a company specialized in fashion retailing, the company owns several brand names in clothing and fashion. Common Size Balance sheet Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Assets Cash 4.1% 2.9% 17.6% 3.8% Marketable securities 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 5.0% Accounts receivable 13.5% 0.8% 15.2% 0.8% 9.4% 10.3% 10.2% 14.4% Inventories Prepayments 1.4% 1.7% 1.3% 2.9% Total current assets 28.4% 30.1% 29.9% 26.9% Fixed assets 68.4% 66.0% 62.4% 61.9% Other assets (including intangibles) 3.2% 3.9% 7.7% 9.2% Total Assets 100% 100% 100% 100% Liabilities and Shareholders’ equity Accounts payable 3.2% 3.2% 3.0% 3.8% Short term borrowing 0.0% Other current liabilities 7.4% Total current liabilities 0.2% 0.3% 0.0% 5.6% 5.9% 4.6% 9.0% 55.4% 4.3% 9.4% 7.6% 11.1% Long term debt 53.7% 50.7% 57.4% Other noncurrent liabilities 4.3% 7.0% 7.0% Minority interest 0.0% 0.0% 0.5% 0.8% Total liabilities 68.8% 67.4% 65.8% 76.4%. Common stock 2.2% 1.9% 2.2% Additional paid in capital 2.4% 1.7% 1.6% 1.5% 1.8% 30.7% 32.1% 34.2% 43.3% Retained earnings Treasury stock 3.5% 3.3% 3.4% 23.6% Total equity 31.2% 32.6% 34.2% 23.6% Total liabilities and Shareholders’ equity 100% 100% 100% 100% Income Statement Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Sales 100% 100% 100% Other revenues 0.2% 0.3% 0.5% Cost of goods sold 67.1% 69.5% 66.4% Selling and administrative expenses 18.0% 18.7% 21.4% Interest expenses 4.9% 4.9% 5.6% 4.0% 2.8% 2.8% Income tax expenses Minority interest 0.0% 0.3% 0.5% Net income 6.1% 4.0% 3.8% The following are financial ratios for the company. You are required to answer the following questions. Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 2.87% 2.60% 4.13% ROA Profit Margin 3.2% 2.9% 3.1% Assets Turnover 0.90 0.88 0.99 Accounts receivable Turnover 6.2 11.5 118.4 Inventory Turnover 6.1 6.0 5.8 Fixed Assets Turnover 1.3 1.4 1.5 collection period 58.6 31.7 3.1 59.6 inventory period %change in sales 60.9 62.5 7.66% 9.68% 1. Explain the decrease in ROA between year 5 and year 6? And the increase between year 5 and 6? 2. Why did profit margin increase in year 7? 3. What is the indication of the continuous increase in the fixed assets turnover rate? 4. Comment on the accounts receivable turnover rate from year 5 to year 7.

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