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QUESTION 1 People have been designing things for a long time. Examples of great designs from antiquity are Pyramids in Egypt, Mayan Cities and Temples, Great Wall of China. No records survive from these projects. However, the structures show no sign of environmental degradation and attracts people of all walk of life. Against the above pretext:

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QUESTION 1 People have been designing things for a long time. Examples of great designs from antiquity are Pyramids in Egypt, Mayan Cities and Temples, Great Wall of China. No records survive from these projects. However, the structures show no sign of environmental degradation and attracts people of all walk of life. Against the above pretext:

a i) Select a case

ii) Describe unexpected insight into the selected case.

iii) Distinguish between past and present designs in the light of economic efficiency.

iv) Appraise past structures in the context of environmental impact.

v) Formulate decision-making of construction activities in the light of a balance between economic efficiency, environmental impact and technical performance.

b )Observation is a three-part process. You must see, assess and then communicate. You cannot be successful as a unit in the conduct of your mission if you are not using this three-step process of observation. According to studies about 90% of the information that your brain uses in order to orient and make decisions comes from your sense of vision. This makes it extremely important to assess what you see and to put it in context and sometimes take it out of context in order to see what is actually there or see what is missing or out of place. Our eyes give us a majority of the information that our brain processes in order to gain situational awareness and build a picture of your surroundings. Our brain, however is a very powerful tool and has a tendency to fill in the blanks or make some things look like they belong when they actually 2 do not because of the context that the objects are in. For instance, men and women tried to navigate the air by imitating the birds. They built wings to strap onto their arm. Flapping wings flight called Ornithopter. Evidence points out with birds in the air to show that the concept does work. Against this pretext:

i) Select a case

ii) Describe unexpected insight into the selected case.

iii) Question the limitations of ornithopter.

iv) Weigh airfoil technology in the context of ornithopter.

v) Investigate ornithopter introduction in the context of sustainability in environmental development.

c) Exhaust pipes on a vehicle shall extend to the extreme rear end of the vehicle’s body, not including the bumper and its attachments to the body, or shall be attached to the vehicle in such a way that the exhaust pipes direct the exhaust gases to either side of the vehicle ensuring that fresh ambient air is located under the vehicle. Pollution caused by combustion engines, including gases like carbon dioxide, Sulphur and others, constitutes an increasing danger for human health and the environment. In addition, the number of vehicles in circulation as well as other kinds of combustion motors is increasing daily. Pollution is a grave problem which recently has attracted a great deal of scientific interest. One method which has been developed is the installation of catalytic converters into the exhaust pipe with the purpose of decontaminating the gases produced by combustion. Against the pretext:

i) Select a case

ii) Describe the unexpected insights of the selected case.

iii) Examine the importance of technological advances, changing customer needs and shortening product life cycles in adding filters to exhaust pipes of vehicles.

iv) Argue that “great majority of new products never make it to the market” are being reduced as a result of repair design.

v) Investigate the factors that lead to success of filters to existing products.

d)The advancement in technology has been exceptionally fast in the 20th and 21st century. With electronic technology and machines being produced and improved all the time, it was very likely that along with the positive aspects of these new advancements, people would also consider the negative aspects and look to criticize new technology. Apple brought out a phone that could literally do everything and no other company in the mobile phone market could compare to it. Not only could you make phone calls and text, but you could also watch videos, take pictures and videos, listen to music, connect to the internet, you had app’s for almost anything. It’s the application market that really blew the other mobile phone companies out of the market at the time. You could download games, books, news, social networking sites in seconds. Of course, this was a positive as people could use the phone to store data for work, education, entertainment. But the negative claims began as well, too expensive, quick battery power loss and could a device like this stop face to face communication all together to name just a few claims. Technology will 4 always have negative aspects because it depends on what the use of the technology is for and who is using it; Albert Einstein once said ‘Technological progress is like an axe in the hands of a pathological criminal’. Against the backdrop:

i) Select a case

ii) Describe unexpected insight into the selected case.

iii) Examine social change in mobile phone usage and relate it to invention, innovation, and diffusion.

iv) Critique the behavioral reasoning theory in the selected case.

v) Conjecture the introduction of innovation the key factor in technological advancement.