Assemble a Server computer based on your budget (state the amount in Ghana Cedis), discussing the type of components (giving their exact names, model numbers, types, cost, architecture, etc.) you would need and give reasons why you need them.
Discuss how you would network AIT-Sea View campus, taking into account the various sections of that campus (computer labs, health clinic, offices, security post, etc)
Components of s Server :
All servers have some key components as well as other, optional components. Since we all enjoy servers each time we go online, it is a good idea to gain a basic overview of how they work by looking at their individual components.
The hardware components that a typical server computer comprises are similar to the components used in less expensive client computers. However, server computers are usually built from higher-grade components than client computers.
The major compnents of a server are as follows:
- Motherboard ;
- Processor ;
- Memory ( RAM ) ;
- Hard Drive ;
- Network Controller ;
- Power Supply ;
- Video ;
- Keyboard ;
In the light of the above discussions, the solution to the given set of questions are as follows:
The Solution :
Q. 1. Various components required for assembling a server computer :
First of all, the various components of a server computer are listed below explaining why they are needde and then the exact names and model numbers are provided along with the prices in Ghana Cedis :
Components of the Server and their significance :
1. Motherboard ;
The motherboard is the computer’s main electronic circuit board to which all the other components of your computer are connected. More than any other component, the motherboard is the computer. All other components attach to the motherboard.
The major components on the motherboard include the processor (or CPU), supporting circuitry called the chipset, memory, expansion slots, a standard IDE hard drive controller, and input/output (I/O) ports for devices such as keyboards, mice, and printers. Some motherboards also include additional built-in features such as a graphics adapter, SCSI disk controller, or a network interface.
2. Processor ;
The processor, or CPU, is the brain of the computer. Although the processor isn’t the only component that affects overall system performance, it is the one that most people think of first when deciding what type of server to purchase.
Each motherboard is designed to support a particular type of processor. CPUs come in two basic mounting styles: slot or socket.
The number of processor cores also has a dramatic effect on performance. Each processor core acts as if it’s a separate processor. Most server computers use dual-core (two processor cores) or quad-core (four cores) chips.
3. Memory ( RAM ) ;
People rarely complain about servers having too much memory. Many different types of memory are available, so you have to pick the right type of memory to match the memory supported by your motherboard. The total memory capacity of the server depends on the motherboard. Most new servers can support at least 12GB of memory, and some can handle up to 32GB.
4. Hard Drive ;
Most desktop computers use inexpensive hard drives called IDE drives (sometimes also called ATA). These drives are adequate for individual users, but because performance is more important for servers, another type of drive known as SCSI is usually used instead. For the best performance, use the SCSI drives along with a high-performance SCSI controller card.
Recently, a new type of inexpensive drive called SATA has been appearing in desktop computers. SATA drives are also being used more and more in server computers as well due to their reliability and performance.
5. Network Controller ;
The network connection is one of the most important parts of any server. Many servers have network adapters built into the motherboard. If your server isn’t equipped as such, you’ll need to add a separate network adapter card.
6. Power Supply ;
Because a server usually has more devices than a typical desktop computer, it requires a larger power supply (typically 300 watts). If the server houses a large number of hard drives, it may require an even larger power supply.
7. Video ;
Fancy graphics aren’t that important for a server computer. You can equip your servers with inexpensive generic video cards and monitors without affecting network performance.
8. Keyboard ;
The keyboard is the basic input device for the computer. A computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
The mouse is another basic input device for the computer. A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
This is used to house all the assembled components in a single box and acts as the server housing.
Models of the Server Components and the budget :
The exact models of the server componets that can be used for assembling and their approximate budget in Ghna Cedis is given below:
- Motherboard ;-The Intel R Sever Board S2600BP : 3475 Cedis
- Processor ;- 2 Numbers Intel Xeon E5 Quad Core Processor 3.5 4 LGA 2011 BX80644E51620V3 : 5055 Cedis
- Memory ( RAM ) ;- 2 nos. HyperX Fury 8GB 3000MHz DDR4 CL15 DIMM Black XMP Desktop Memory (HX430C15FB3/8): 570 Cedis
- Hard Drive ;- Seagate BarraCuda 1 TB Internal Hard Drive HDD – 3.5 Inch SATA 6 Gb/s 7200 RPM 64 MB Cache for Computer Desktop PC (ST1000DM010) : 253 Cedis
- Network Controller ;- Asus 10Gbps Gigabit Ethernet PCI Express, Network Adapter PCIe 2.0/3.0 X4 SFP+ Network Card/Ethernet Card Support Fiber Optic (XG-C100F) : 688 Cedis
- Power Supply ;- Cooler Master MWE 450W 80 Plus Non-Modular White Series SMPS Power Supply : 249 Cedis
- Video ;- Lenovo 21.5 inch Near Edgeless Monitor with LED Display, VA Panel, AMD Free Synch, HDMI and VGA inputs, TUV Certified Eye Comfort – L22e-20 (Raven Black) : 553 Cedis
- Keyboard ;- HP 100 Wired USB Keyboard : 54 Cedis
- Mouse ;- Logitech M90 Wired USB Mouse, 1000 DPI Optical Tracking, Ambidextrous PC/Mac/Laptop – Black : 28 Cedis
- Cabinet;- Gamdias TALOS E2 Mid Tower PC Case Cabinet with Trapezoidal Tempered Glass and 3 Built-in 120mm ARGB Fans : 419 Cedis
Therefore, total estimated cost for this configuration of assembled server is 10656 Cedis.