# A four cylinder four stroke petrol engine is to develop 40 KW at 40 rev/second when designed for a volumetric compression ratio of 10:1. The ambient air conditions are 1 bar and 80 C and the calorific value of the fuel is 44 MJ/Kg.

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A four cylinder four stroke petrol engine is to develop 40 KW at 40 rev/second when designed for a volumetric compression ratio of 10:1. The ambient air conditions are 1 bar and 80 C and the calorific value of the fuel is 44 MJ/Kg.

a) Calculate the specific fuel consumption in Kg/MJ of brake work if the indicated overall efficiency is 50% of the corresponding air standard Otto cycle. And the mechanical efficiency is 90%. The specific heat capacity ration for air is 1.4.

b) The required gravimetric air/fuel ratio is 15.4 and the volumetric efficiency is 92%. Estimate the required total swept volume and the cylinder bore if the bore is be equal to the stroke. Calculate also the brake mean effective pressure.

In the given question it is given that “indicated overall efficiency is 50%” . There is no such thing like indicated overal efficiency. Indicated efficiency and overall efficiency are different things. Indicated efficiency is ratio of Indicated power to the Total Heat Input. While Overall efficiency is ratio of Shaft Power to the total heat input.

Here in this question it must be Indicated efficiency.

a) Specific fuel consumption is to be calculated

Indicated Efficiency  is 50% of the air standard Otto  cycle efficiency

Air Std Efficiency =

Where r = 10 ( Compression ratio)

= 1.4 ( Heat capacity ratio).

On substituting

Mechanical Efficiency is 90% or

Brake Power (BP) is given as 40 kW

Indicated Power (IP ) = BP/0.9 = 40/0.9 = 44.44 kW.

Indicated Efficiency is defined as

Where mf – Mass flow rate of fuel and

Cv – Calorific Value of the fuel.

Substituting in above equation

Brake Specific fuel consumption bsfc is given by

b)

Gravimetric air/fuel ratio is 15.4

Volumetric Efficiency is defined as the ratio of actual volume entering the cylinder in a cycle to the swept volume per cycle

is the density of the air in given temperature and pressure

Where P is the pressure = 1 Bar = 100000 Pa

R is the Gas constant = 287 J/kg K

T is the absolute temperature = 80+273K = 353 k

Va is 0.0468 m3/s so Vd should also be in m3/s. There are 40 revoltions per second, which means 20 Suction stroke per second as it is a four stroke engine. So actual displacement voulme per second is VDx20